Here is an idea that should really help get your little learners engaged with multiplication (lots of, repeated addition) from as young as 4!!
Arrays are one of the first ways that children are taught about multiplication in Primary School.
Here is a quick definition:
Arrays: Items (such as objects, numbers, etc.) arranged in rows and or columns.
Anyway, here is the fun bit - Lego can be used to teach arrays! Woohoo!!!
You will need:
24 Lego blocks all of the same size ( e.g 2 x 2 or 3 x 3)
Lego base (you can use a piece of paper if you don't have one!)
Show your child 2 Lego bricks and say " I have 1 lot of 2." Then place these blocks on the Lego board. You can then write 1 x 2 = 2 or ask your child to if they are confident at writing multiplication number sentences.
1 x 2 = 2
Ask your little one to repeat this with 2 lots of 2.
2 x 2 = 4
and so on...
3 x 2 = 6
All the way up to ...
9 x 2 =
And beyond, up to 12 x 2 = 24!
The same idea can obviously be used for all the times tables from 1 x 1 to 12 x 12 and beyond! In year 1 and 2 children are firstly taught multiples of 2, 5 and 10 and move on to learning the 2, 5 and 10 x tables with related division facts.
A Little Tip:
When we say 1 x 1 try simply saying 1 lot of 1 equals and then repeat for 2 x 1= 2 (2 lots of 1 = 2, 3 lots of 1 = 3) etc, etc, etc! You may hear your children talking about “number sentences,” this is what they are referring to. Reading a mathematical sum as a sentence “4 lots of 1 equals 4.”
Just so you know what is expected of your child by the end of Years 1 and 2 in multiplication:
In Year 1 : Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.
In Year 2: Recall multiplication and division facts for 2, 5 and 10 and use them to solve simple problems, demonstrating an understanding of commutativity as necessary solve problems involving (×) and (÷) using: materials, arrays, mental methods, repeated addition, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts
Take a look at our latest workshop: Key Stage 1 Maths Explained https://www.edvanced.co.uk/copy-of-phonics-and-reading
Being held at The Station House Bar and Restaurant, Haslemere on Thursday 24th of October from 7.30 to 9.30pm. Buy 2 tickets and get 25% off! We’d love to see you there!
Ellie and Nicky at Edvanced.